The papers below discribes multiple possible complications to chest tube insertion.


1) Remérand F, Luce V et al. Incidence of chest tube malposition in the critically ill: a prospective computed tomography study. Anesthesiology 2007 Jun;106(6):1112-9.

5) Maurer JR, Friedman PJ, Wing VW. Thoracostomi tube in an interlobar fissure: radiologic recognition of a potential problem. AJR 1982;139:1155-61.

6) Baldt MM, Bankier AA, German PS, Poschl GP, Skrbensky GT, Herold CJ. Complications after emergency tube thoracostomy: assesment with CT. Radiology 1995;195:539-43.

7) Fraser RS. Lung perforation complicating tube thorcostomy: pahtogogic description of three cases. Hum. Pathol 1988;19:518-23.

8) Gerald PS, Kaldawi E, Litani V, Lenora RA, Tessler S. Right sided pneumothorax as a result of a left sided chest tube. Chest 1993;103:1602-3.

9) Millikan JS, Moore EE, Steiner E, Aragon GE, Van Way CW. Complications of tube thoracostomy for acute trauma. Am J Surg 1980;140:738-41.

10) Curtin JJ, Goodman LR, Quebbeman EJ, Haasler GB. Thoracostomy tubes after acute chest injury: relationship between location in a lungehindel fissure and function. ARJ 1994;163:1339-42.

11) Meisel S, Ram Z, Priel I, Nass D, Lieberman P. Another complication of thoracostomy - perforation of the right atrium. Chest 1990;98:772-3.

12) Johnson JF, Wright DR. Chest tube perforation of esophagus following repair of esophageal atresia. J Pediatr Surg 1990;25:1227-30.

13) Sharpia OM, Aldea GS, Kupferschmid J, Shemin RJ. Delayed perforation of the esophagus by a closed tube thoracostomy. Chest 1993;104:1897-8.

14) Van Kralingen KW, Stam J, Rauwerda J. Complications of thoracostomy - letter to the editor. Chest 1991;100:886

15) Bertino RE, Wesbey GE, Johnson RJ. Horner syndrome occuring as a complication of chest tube placement. Radiology 1987;164:745.